About

When a typeface is illegible the reader will always notice; when a typeface is legible no one gives it any thought. We strive to produce new knowledge that can provide the tools to create the most legible typography or pictogram.

Our findings can help optimize challenging legibility situations, including text on traffic and road signs, type and pictograms on medicine packaging, small point sizes in newspapers or any other reading situation where letters and words can be difficult to perceive. 

Our approach is based on combining methods from psychophysics with research-by-design. Psychophysics is a well-established field of research within psychology that investigates the relationships between physical stimuli (the design) and perception. We use our practical knowledge of design to make appropriate changes to the stimuli and employ methods of statistical analysis to measure the effect of these design changes on perceptual performance.

To ensure the relevance of the findings for design users and the scientific validity of the experiments, we have designers define the research questions and develop the test material, while psychologists and vision scientists create the experimental paradigm and analyse the resulting data.

We work with both normally sighted and low-vision readers and are committed to creating a universal design that can improve everyday life for all.

The work is funded by the Danish Council for Independent Research and Øjenfonden.



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Centre for Visibility Design
The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts,
Schools of Architecture, Design and Conservation
School of Design


Philip de Langes Allé 10

1435 København K

M +45 41 70 18 83
E sbe@kadk.dk
W kadk.dk